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Doublin

Doublin Überraschend. Natürlich.

Dublin ([ˈdʌblɪn], lokal auch [ dʊbᵊlən]; irisch Baile Átha Cliath ([ ˈbalʲɑːˈkʲlʲiə] oder [ ˈbʲlʲɑːˈkʲlʲiə])) ist die Hauptstadt und größte Stadt der. Zum ersten Mal in Dublin? Hier sind 9 einmalige Attraktionen in Dublin, die Sie nicht verpassen dürfen. Dublin wurde von TripAdvisor schon zweimal zur freundlichsten Stadt Europas gekürt und das aus gutem Grund. Bestellen Sie ein Bier, fangen Sie ein Gespräch. Dublin, die Hauptstadt von Irland hat einiges zu bieten. Hier finden Sie Informationen, Sehenswürdigkeiten, Wetter, Diashow und vieles mehr. Dublin, die freundliche Hauptstadt Irlands, bietet Gastfreundschaft, Spaß und interessante Sehenswürdigkeiten. Eine Stadt voller Traditionen und Geschichte,​.

Doublin

Dublin, die freundliche Hauptstadt Irlands, bietet Gastfreundschaft, Spaß und interessante Sehenswürdigkeiten. Eine Stadt voller Traditionen und Geschichte,​. Dublin wurde von TripAdvisor schon zweimal zur freundlichsten Stadt Europas gekürt und das aus gutem Grund. Bestellen Sie ein Bier, fangen Sie ein Gespräch. Dublin, die Hauptstadt von Irland hat einiges zu bieten. Hier finden Sie Informationen, Sehenswürdigkeiten, Wetter, Diashow und vieles mehr.

You've probably heard that Guinness tastes better in Dublin fresh from the factory , but what you may not know is that Dublin is a perfect destination for the whole family.

No, we're not suggesting you let the kiddies drink a pint. Scholars enjoy walking in the literary footsteps of such writers as Yeats and Joyce, while discerning shoppers have their pick of designer boutiques.

Start planning for Dublin. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. Create a Trip.

Best time to visit. Getting around. Local customs. Tips from the pros. Essential Dublin. Go Play.

Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. See all. Kilmainham Gaol Museum. Behan Tours. St Stephens Green. Trinity College Dublin. Guinness Storehouse.

Incognito Escape Room. Temple Bar. AdventureRooms Dublin. Dublin Free Walking Tour. Go Rest. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true.

The Merrion Hotel. The Marker Hotel. Hyatt Centric The Liberties Dublin. The Westbury. The Wilder Townhouse. Conrad Dublin.

The Croke Park. Aberdeen Lodge. Hotel 7. Go Eat. Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. Tang Cafe. Glovers Alley.

The Stage Door Cafe. The Landmark. Mulberry Garden. Bloom Brasserie. One of the oldest is Dublin Castle , which was first founded as a major defensive work on the orders of England's King John in , shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland in , when it was commanded that a castle be built with strong walls and good ditches for the defence of the city, the administration of justice, and the protection of the King's treasure.

Sited to the south-east of Norman Dublin, the castle formed one corner of the outer perimeter of the city, using the River Poddle as a natural means of defence.

One of Dublin's newest monuments is the Spire of Dublin , officially entitled the "Monument of Light. It replaces Nelson's Pillar and is intended to mark Dublin's place in the 21st century.

The spire was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects , [67] who sought an "Elegant and dynamic simplicity bridging art and technology".

The base of the monument is lit and the top is illuminated to provide a beacon in the night sky across the city.

The Ha'penny Bridge , an iron footbridge over the River Liffey, is one of the most photographed sights in Dublin and is considered to be one of Dublin's most iconic landmarks.

Other sights include the Anna Livia monument. The Poolbeg Towers are also landmark features of Dublin, and visible from various spots around the city.

There are many green-spaces around the city, and Dublin City Council manages over 1, hectares 3, acres of parks.

Music concerts are also sometimes held in the park. St Stephen's Green is adjacent to one of Dublin's main shopping streets, Grafton Street , and to a shopping centre named for it , while on its surrounding streets are the offices of a number of public bodies.

Saint Anne's Park is a public park and recreational facility, shared between Raheny and Clontarf , both suburbs on the Northside.

The park, the second largest municipal park in Dublin, is part of a former 2-square-kilometre 0. The Dublin region is the economic centre of Ireland, and was at the forefront of the country's economic expansion during the Celtic Tiger period.

In , Dublin was listed as the fourth richest city in the world by purchasing power and 10th richest by personal income.

A number of Dublin's traditional industries, such as food processing, textile manufacturing, brewing, and distilling have gradually declined, although Guinness has been brewed at the St.

James's Gate Brewery since Economic improvements in the s attracted a number of global pharmaceutical, information and communications technology companies to the city and Greater Dublin Area.

The presence of these companies has driven economic expansion in the city and led to Dublin sometimes being referred to as the "Tech Capital of Europe".

Financial services have also become important to the city since the establishment of Dublin's International Financial Services Centre in More than operations are approved to trade under the IFSC programme.

The centre is host to half of the world's top 50 banks and to half of the top 20 insurance companies.

Dublin has been positioned as one of the main cities vying to host Financial Services companies hoping to retain access to the Eurozone after Brexit.

The Celtic Tiger also led to a temporary boom in construction, with large redevelopment projects in the Dublin Docklands and Spencer Dock.

In the second quarter of , Dublin touched its lowest unemployment rate in a decade, when it fell down to 5. The road network in Ireland is primarily focused on Dublin.

The M50 motorway , a semi- ring road which runs around the south, west and north of the city, connects important national primary routes to the rest of the country.

In , the West-Link toll bridge was replaced by the eFlow barrier-free tolling system, with a three-tiered charge system based on electronic tags and car pre-registration.

The first phase of a proposed eastern bypass for the city is the Dublin Port Tunnel , which officially opened in to mainly cater for heavy vehicles.

The city is also surrounded by an inner and outer orbital route. The inner orbital route runs approximately around the heart of the Georgian city and the outer orbital route runs primarily along the natural circle formed by Dublin's two canals, the Grand Canal and the Royal Canal , as well as the North and South Circular Roads.

The TomTom Traffic Index ranked Dublin the 15th most congested city in the world and the 7th most congested in Europe.

Dublin is served by a network of nearly bus routes which cover the city and suburbs. The majority of these are provided by Dublin Bus , with a modest number having been transferred to Go Ahead Ireland in , but a number of smaller companies also operate.

Fares are generally calculated on a stage system based on distance travelled. There are several different levels of fares, which apply on most services.

Electronically displayed signs relay information about the time of the next buses arrival based on its GPS determined position.

The National Transport Authority is responsible for integration of bus and rail services in Dublin and has been involved in introducing a pre-paid smart card, called a Leap card , which can be used on all of Dublin's public transport services.

The Census showed that 5. Dublinbikes is a self-service bicycle rental scheme which has been in operation in Dublin since Sponsored by JCDecaux and Just Eat , the scheme consists of hundreds of unisex bicycles stationed at 44 terminals throughout the city centre.

Users must make a subscription for either an annual Long Term Hire Card or purchase a three-day ticket.

Heuston and Connolly stations are the two main railway termini in Dublin. Dublin once had an extensive system of trams but this was largely phased out by Together these lines comprise a total 67 stations and A metro service is proposed under the name of Metrolink , and planned to run from Dublin's northside to Sandyford via Dublin Airport and St.

Stephen's Green , with construction projected to start after The headquarters of Ireland's flag carrier Aer Lingus and regional airlines Stobart Air and CityJet are located there, and those of low-cost carrier Ryanair nearby.

The airport offers a short and medium haul network, domestic services to regional airports in Ireland, and long-haul services to the United States, Canada, the Middle East and Hong Kong.

Dublin Airport is the 11th busiest in the European Union, [97] and by far the busiest airport on the island of Ireland.

From to , Dublin Airport saw an increase of nearly 9. Dublin is also served by Weston Airport and other small facilities, by a range of helicopter operators, and the military and some State services use Casement Aerodrome nearby.

Dublin is the largest centre of education in Ireland, and is home to four universities and a number of other higher education institutions.

It was the European Capital of Science in The University of Dublin is the oldest university in Ireland, dating from the 16th century, and is located in the city centre.

It was closed to Roman Catholics until , and the Catholic hierarchy then banned Roman Catholics from attending until Founded in , it is now the largest university in Ireland.

As of , Dublin's principal, and Ireland's largest, institution for technological education and research, Dublin Institute of Technology DIT , with origins in , has merged with two major suburban third level institutions, Institute of Technology, Tallaght and Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown , to form Technological University Dublin , Ireland's second largest university by student population.

The new university offers a wide range of courses in areas include engineering, architecture, the sciences, health, journalism, digital media, hospitality, business, art and design, music and the humanities programmes, and has three long-term campuses, at Grangegorman , Tallaght and Blanchardstown.

Dublin is also home to the Royal Irish Academy , membership of which is considered Ireland's highest academic honour.

The Irish public administration and management training centre has its base in Dublin, the Institute of Public Administration provides a range of undergraduate and post graduate awards via the National University of Ireland and in some instances, Queen's University Belfast.

Together, the four areas form the traditional County Dublin. This area is sometimes known as the Dublin Region. The population of the administrative area controlled by the City Council was , in the census, [3] while the population of the urban area was 1,, The area's population is expanding rapidly, and it is estimated by the Central Statistics Office that it will reach 2.

After World War Two, Italians were by far the largest immigrant group in both Dublin and Ireland and became synonymous with the catering and restaurant landscape.

Dublin is home to a greater proportion of newer arrivals than any other part of the country. Sixty percent of Ireland's Asian population lives in Dublin.

The capital attracts the largest proportion of non-Catholic migrants from other countries. Increased secularisation in Ireland has prompted a drop in regular Catholic church attendance in Dublin from over 90 percent in the mids down to 14 percent according to a survey.

According to the census, the population of Dublin was Additionally, 2. It is also the location of key and notable works of James Joyce , including Ulysses , which is set in Dublin and includes much topical detail.

Dubliners is a collection of short stories by Joyce about incidents and typical characters of the city during the early 20th century.

Other renowned writers include J. The Gaiety specialises in musical and operatic productions, and also opens its doors after the evening theatre production to host a variety of live music, dancing, and films.

The Abbey was founded in by a group that included Yeats with the aim of promoting indigenous literary talent. It went on to provide a breakthrough for some of the city's most famous writers, such as Synge , Yeats himself and George Bernard Shaw.

Apart from being the focus of the country's literature and theatre, Dublin is also the focal point for much of Irish art and the Irish artistic scene.

The Chester Beatty Library houses a collection of manuscripts, miniature paintings, prints, drawings, rare books and decorative arts assembled by American mining millionaire and honorary Irish citizen Sir Alfred Chester Beatty — Stephen's Green.

Dublinia is a living history attraction showcasing the Viking and Medieval history of the city. Dublin has long had an 'underground' arts scene, with Temple Bar hosting artists in the s, and spaces such as the Project Arts Centre acting as a hub for collectives and new exhibitions.

The Guardian noted that Dublin's independent and underground arts flourished during the economic recession of c. Dublin was shortlisted to be World Design Capital The best known area for nightlife is Temple Bar , south of the River Liffey.

The area has become popular among tourists, including stag and hen parties from Britain. Dublin has several mid-range venues that host live music throughout the week, including Whelans and Vicar Street.

Dublin city centre is a popular shopping destination for both locals and tourists. The city has numerous shopping districts, particularly around Grafton Street and Henry Street.

The city centre is also the location of large department stores, including Arnotts , Brown Thomas and prior to its closure Clerys.

While the city has seen the loss of some traditional market sites, Moore Street remains one of the city's oldest trading districts.

Dublin is the centre of both media and communications in Ireland, with many newspapers, radio stations, television stations and telephone companies based there.

The headquarters of An Post and telecommunications companies such as Eir , as well as mobile operators Vodafone and 3 are all located there.

Dublin is also the headquarters of national newspapers such as The Irish Times and Irish Independent , as well as local newspapers such as The Evening Herald.

Commercial radio stations based in the city include 4fm There are also numerous community and special interest stations, including Dublin City FM Croke Park is the largest sport stadium in Ireland.

The headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association , it has a capacity of 82, Muhammad Ali fought there in and it played host to the opening and closing ceremonies of the Special Olympics.

It also has conference and banqueting facilities. There is a GAA Museum there and tours of the stadium are offered, including a rooftop walk of the stadium.

During the redevelopment of Lansdowne Road , Croke Park played host to the Irish Rugby Union Team and Republic of Ireland national football team as well as hosting the Heineken Cup rugby —09 semi-final between Munster and Leinster which set a world record attendance for a club rugby match.

Stadium Lansdowne Road was laid out in This was the venue for home games of both the Irish Rugby Union Team and the Republic of Ireland national football team.

County Dublin is home for 13 of the senior rugby union clubs in Ireland including 5 of the 10 sides in the top division 1A.

Bohemian F. C play at Dalymount Park , the oldest football stadium in the country, and home ground for the Ireland football team from to College Park has Test status and played host to Ireland's first Test cricket match, a women's match against Pakistan in The Dublin Marathon has been run since at the end of October.

The Women's Mini Marathon has been run since on the first Monday in June, which is also a bank holiday in Ireland.

It is said to be the largest all female event of its kind in the world. The Dublin area hosts greyhound racing at Shelbourne Park and horse racing at Leopardstown.

The National Basketball Arena is located in Tallaght, is the home of the Irish basketball team , the venue for the basketball league finals, and has also hosted boxing and wrestling events.

There are also Gaelic Handball , hockey and athletics stadia, most notably Morton Stadium in Santry , which held the athletics events of the Special Olympics.

Historically, Irish coffee houses and cafes were associated with those working in media. A number of Irish language agencies are also located in the capital.

Conradh na Gaeilge offers language classes, has a book shop and is a meeting place for different groups. Dublin city council has an International Relations Unit, established in It works on hosting of international delegations, staff exchanges, international promotion of the city, twinning and partnerships, work with multi-city organisations such as Eurocities , economic partnerships and advice to other Council units.

Dublin is twinned with four places: [48] [] []. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Capital and largest city of Ireland.

This article is about the capital of Ireland. For other uses, see Dublin disambiguation. For the village in Scotland, see Hurlford.

Capital city in Leinster, Ireland. Coat of arms. Ethnic groups. See also: Other names of Dublin. Main articles: History of Dublin and Timeline of Dublin.

See also: List of rivers of County Dublin. Climate data for Dublin DUB [a] , — normals, extremes —present [b].

Further information: List of public art in Dublin. Main article: Economy of Dublin. Main article: Transport in Dublin.

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Republic of Ireland. Ireland portal. Retrieved 29 August Office of Public Works. Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 10 May Census Central Statistics Office.

Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 23 December Preliminary Results. Archived from the original PDF on 14 November Retrieved 25 May April Retrieved 30 March Profile 1 — Geographical distribution.

Retrieved 6 April Table 2. Retrieved 18 January European Commission. Retrieved 15 January Archived from the original PDF on 30 March Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 21 October Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 4 February Dublin The Making of a Capital City.

Profile Books Ltd. Archived from the original PDF on 11 October Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 13 September Medieval Dublin, the making of a metropolis.

Irish Academic Press. The Palgrave Handbook of Literature and the City. Palgrave Macmillan. Alt-celtischer sprachschatz in German.

Leipzig: B. Retrieved 7 November Irish Times. Retrieved 21 August The Isles: a history. London: Macmillan. Journal of the Medieval Journal of Ireland: x.

Journal of the Medieval Journal of Ireland: Retrieved 19 August Dictionary of National Biography. Brian Igoe Joseph Patrick Byrne Oxford University Press US.

Stones of Dublin. Collins Press. The Irish Times. Retrieved 17 June Ireland since the famine. Retrieved 14 December Dublin City Council.

Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 13 July Constituency Commission. Retrieved 22 July Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original on 9 December Retrieved 12 May Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 8 July Eastern River Basin District.

Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 22 February Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 20 August Retrieved 21 December Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment.

Retrieved 1 January The Lancet. Retrieved 23 August Archived from the original on 9 July Weather Atlas. Retrieved 25 January Dublin Castle: at the heart of Irish History.

Dublin: Irish Government Stationery Office. Irish Independent. Retrieved 5 June Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 20 October Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 7 January City Mayors.

Doublin - Insidertipps für die irische Hauptstadt

Dieses glorreiche, golden leuchtende Manuskript des frühen Christentums ist schlichtweg ein Meisterwerk. Die meisten Flüge gehen Richtung Vereinigtes Königreich. Der Fremdenverkehr spielt eine wichtige Rolle für die Wirtschaft von Dublin. Little Museum of Dublin.

See 14 Experiences. Museums 2. Irish Whiskey Museum 10, reviews. Museums 3. Museums 4. The Little Museum of Dublin 11, reviews.

Museums 5. Kilmainham Gaol Museum 26, reviews. See 12 Experiences. Teeling Whiskey Distillery 3, reviews. Museums 7. Glasnevin Cemetery Museum 6, reviews.

See 6 Experiences. Trinity College Dublin 13, reviews. See 47 Experiences. Museums 9. Guinness Storehouse 46, reviews.

Museums National Museum of Ireland - Archaeology 5, reviews. See 8 Experiences. St Stephens Green 16, reviews.

See 26 Experiences. Traveler Resources Phoenix Park 4, reviews. National Botanic Gardens 2, reviews.

Since the beginning of Norman rule in the 12th century, the city has functioned as the capital in varying geopolitical entities: Lordship of Ireland — , Kingdom of Ireland — , as part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland — , and the Irish Republic — Following the partition of Ireland in , it became the capital of the Irish Free State — and now is the capital of Ireland.

One of the memorials to commemorate that time is the Garden of Remembrance. Dublin was also a victim of the Northern Irish Troubles , although during this year conflict, violence mainly occurred within Northern Ireland.

A Loyalist paramilitary group, the Ulster Volunteer Force , bombed the city during this time — notably in an atrocity known as the Dublin and Monaghan bombings in which 34 people died, mainly in central Dublin.

Since , the landscape of Dublin has changed. The city was at the forefront of Ireland's economic expansion during the Celtic Tiger period, with private sector and state development of housing, transport and business.

Following an economic decline during the Great Recession, Dublin has rebounded and as of [update] has close to full employment, [39] but a significant problem with housing supply in both city and surrounds.

From , the boundaries of the city were comprehended by the baronies of Dublin City and the Barony of Dublin. In , the boundaries were extended by the Local Government Dublin Act.

Dublin City Council is a unicameral assembly of 63 [43] members elected every five years from Local Election Areas. It is presided over by the Lord Mayor , who is elected for a yearly term and resides in Dublin's Mansion House.

The party or coalition of parties with the majority of seats assigns committee members, introduces policies, and proposes the Lord Mayor.

The Council passes an annual budget for spending on areas such as housing, traffic management, refuse, drainage, and planning.

The Dublin City Manager is responsible for implementing City Council decisions but also has considerable executive power. As the capital city, Dublin is the seat of the national parliament of Ireland, the Oireachtas.

It has been the home of the Irish parliament since the creation of the Irish Free State in It consists of a main building completed with two wings completed The Irish Free State government took over the two wings of the building to serve as a temporary home for some ministries, while the central building became the College of Technology until Nineteen TD's are elected in total.

It is bordered by the Dublin Mountains, a low mountain range and sub range of the Wicklow Mountains , to the south and surrounded by flat farmland to the north and west.

The River Liffey divides the city in two, between the Northside and the Southside. The Liffey bends at Leixlip from a northeasterly route to a predominantly eastward direction, and this point also marks the transition to urban development from more agricultural land usage.

A number of lesser rivers and streams also flow to the sea. A north—south division once, to some extent, traditionally existed, with the River Liffey as the divider.

In some tourism and real-estate marketing contexts, inner Dublin is sometimes divided into a number of "quarters" or districts. Similar to much of the rest of northwestern Europe, Dublin experiences a maritime climate Cfb with mild-warm summers, cool winters, and a lack of temperature extremes.

The average maximum January temperature is 8. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year.

Dublin's sheltered location on the east coast makes it the driest place in Ireland, receiving only about half the rainfall of the west coast.

The main precipitation in winter is rain; however snow showers do occur between November and March. Hail is more common than snow.

The city experiences long summer days and short winter days. Strong Atlantic winds are most common in autumn.

These winds can affect Dublin, but due to its easterly location, it is least affected compared to other parts of the country.

However, in winter, easterly winds render the city colder and more prone to snow showers. In the 20th century, smog and air-pollution were an issue in the city, precipitating a ban on bituminous fuels across Dublin.

Since the ban, non-trauma death rates, respiratory death rates and cardiovascular death rates have declined — by an estimated deaths annually.

Dublin has many landmarks and monuments dating back hundreds of years. One of the oldest is Dublin Castle , which was first founded as a major defensive work on the orders of England's King John in , shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland in , when it was commanded that a castle be built with strong walls and good ditches for the defence of the city, the administration of justice, and the protection of the King's treasure.

Sited to the south-east of Norman Dublin, the castle formed one corner of the outer perimeter of the city, using the River Poddle as a natural means of defence.

One of Dublin's newest monuments is the Spire of Dublin , officially entitled the "Monument of Light. It replaces Nelson's Pillar and is intended to mark Dublin's place in the 21st century.

The spire was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects , [67] who sought an "Elegant and dynamic simplicity bridging art and technology". The base of the monument is lit and the top is illuminated to provide a beacon in the night sky across the city.

The Ha'penny Bridge , an iron footbridge over the River Liffey, is one of the most photographed sights in Dublin and is considered to be one of Dublin's most iconic landmarks.

Other sights include the Anna Livia monument. The Poolbeg Towers are also landmark features of Dublin, and visible from various spots around the city.

There are many green-spaces around the city, and Dublin City Council manages over 1, hectares 3, acres of parks.

Music concerts are also sometimes held in the park. St Stephen's Green is adjacent to one of Dublin's main shopping streets, Grafton Street , and to a shopping centre named for it , while on its surrounding streets are the offices of a number of public bodies.

Saint Anne's Park is a public park and recreational facility, shared between Raheny and Clontarf , both suburbs on the Northside.

The park, the second largest municipal park in Dublin, is part of a former 2-square-kilometre 0. The Dublin region is the economic centre of Ireland, and was at the forefront of the country's economic expansion during the Celtic Tiger period.

In , Dublin was listed as the fourth richest city in the world by purchasing power and 10th richest by personal income.

A number of Dublin's traditional industries, such as food processing, textile manufacturing, brewing, and distilling have gradually declined, although Guinness has been brewed at the St.

James's Gate Brewery since Economic improvements in the s attracted a number of global pharmaceutical, information and communications technology companies to the city and Greater Dublin Area.

The presence of these companies has driven economic expansion in the city and led to Dublin sometimes being referred to as the "Tech Capital of Europe".

Financial services have also become important to the city since the establishment of Dublin's International Financial Services Centre in More than operations are approved to trade under the IFSC programme.

The centre is host to half of the world's top 50 banks and to half of the top 20 insurance companies. Dublin has been positioned as one of the main cities vying to host Financial Services companies hoping to retain access to the Eurozone after Brexit.

The Celtic Tiger also led to a temporary boom in construction, with large redevelopment projects in the Dublin Docklands and Spencer Dock.

In the second quarter of , Dublin touched its lowest unemployment rate in a decade, when it fell down to 5. The road network in Ireland is primarily focused on Dublin.

The M50 motorway , a semi- ring road which runs around the south, west and north of the city, connects important national primary routes to the rest of the country.

In , the West-Link toll bridge was replaced by the eFlow barrier-free tolling system, with a three-tiered charge system based on electronic tags and car pre-registration.

The first phase of a proposed eastern bypass for the city is the Dublin Port Tunnel , which officially opened in to mainly cater for heavy vehicles.

The city is also surrounded by an inner and outer orbital route. The inner orbital route runs approximately around the heart of the Georgian city and the outer orbital route runs primarily along the natural circle formed by Dublin's two canals, the Grand Canal and the Royal Canal , as well as the North and South Circular Roads.

The TomTom Traffic Index ranked Dublin the 15th most congested city in the world and the 7th most congested in Europe.

Dublin is served by a network of nearly bus routes which cover the city and suburbs. The majority of these are provided by Dublin Bus , with a modest number having been transferred to Go Ahead Ireland in , but a number of smaller companies also operate.

Fares are generally calculated on a stage system based on distance travelled. There are several different levels of fares, which apply on most services.

Electronically displayed signs relay information about the time of the next buses arrival based on its GPS determined position. The National Transport Authority is responsible for integration of bus and rail services in Dublin and has been involved in introducing a pre-paid smart card, called a Leap card , which can be used on all of Dublin's public transport services.

The Census showed that 5. Dublinbikes is a self-service bicycle rental scheme which has been in operation in Dublin since Sponsored by JCDecaux and Just Eat , the scheme consists of hundreds of unisex bicycles stationed at 44 terminals throughout the city centre.

Users must make a subscription for either an annual Long Term Hire Card or purchase a three-day ticket.

Heuston and Connolly stations are the two main railway termini in Dublin. Dublin once had an extensive system of trams but this was largely phased out by Together these lines comprise a total 67 stations and A metro service is proposed under the name of Metrolink , and planned to run from Dublin's northside to Sandyford via Dublin Airport and St.

Stephen's Green , with construction projected to start after The headquarters of Ireland's flag carrier Aer Lingus and regional airlines Stobart Air and CityJet are located there, and those of low-cost carrier Ryanair nearby.

The airport offers a short and medium haul network, domestic services to regional airports in Ireland, and long-haul services to the United States, Canada, the Middle East and Hong Kong.

Dublin Airport is the 11th busiest in the European Union, [97] and by far the busiest airport on the island of Ireland.

From to , Dublin Airport saw an increase of nearly 9. Dublin is also served by Weston Airport and other small facilities, by a range of helicopter operators, and the military and some State services use Casement Aerodrome nearby.

Dublin is the largest centre of education in Ireland, and is home to four universities and a number of other higher education institutions. It was the European Capital of Science in The University of Dublin is the oldest university in Ireland, dating from the 16th century, and is located in the city centre.

It was closed to Roman Catholics until , and the Catholic hierarchy then banned Roman Catholics from attending until Founded in , it is now the largest university in Ireland.

As of , Dublin's principal, and Ireland's largest, institution for technological education and research, Dublin Institute of Technology DIT , with origins in , has merged with two major suburban third level institutions, Institute of Technology, Tallaght and Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown , to form Technological University Dublin , Ireland's second largest university by student population.

The new university offers a wide range of courses in areas include engineering, architecture, the sciences, health, journalism, digital media, hospitality, business, art and design, music and the humanities programmes, and has three long-term campuses, at Grangegorman , Tallaght and Blanchardstown.

Dublin is also home to the Royal Irish Academy , membership of which is considered Ireland's highest academic honour. The Irish public administration and management training centre has its base in Dublin, the Institute of Public Administration provides a range of undergraduate and post graduate awards via the National University of Ireland and in some instances, Queen's University Belfast.

Together, the four areas form the traditional County Dublin. This area is sometimes known as the Dublin Region. The population of the administrative area controlled by the City Council was , in the census, [3] while the population of the urban area was 1,, The area's population is expanding rapidly, and it is estimated by the Central Statistics Office that it will reach 2.

After World War Two, Italians were by far the largest immigrant group in both Dublin and Ireland and became synonymous with the catering and restaurant landscape.

Dublin is home to a greater proportion of newer arrivals than any other part of the country. Sixty percent of Ireland's Asian population lives in Dublin.

The capital attracts the largest proportion of non-Catholic migrants from other countries. Increased secularisation in Ireland has prompted a drop in regular Catholic church attendance in Dublin from over 90 percent in the mids down to 14 percent according to a survey.

According to the census, the population of Dublin was Additionally, 2. It is also the location of key and notable works of James Joyce , including Ulysses , which is set in Dublin and includes much topical detail.

Dubliners is a collection of short stories by Joyce about incidents and typical characters of the city during the early 20th century. Other renowned writers include J.

The Gaiety specialises in musical and operatic productions, and also opens its doors after the evening theatre production to host a variety of live music, dancing, and films.

The Abbey was founded in by a group that included Yeats with the aim of promoting indigenous literary talent. It went on to provide a breakthrough for some of the city's most famous writers, such as Synge , Yeats himself and George Bernard Shaw.

Apart from being the focus of the country's literature and theatre, Dublin is also the focal point for much of Irish art and the Irish artistic scene.

The Chester Beatty Library houses a collection of manuscripts, miniature paintings, prints, drawings, rare books and decorative arts assembled by American mining millionaire and honorary Irish citizen Sir Alfred Chester Beatty — Stephen's Green.

Dublinia is a living history attraction showcasing the Viking and Medieval history of the city. Dublin has long had an 'underground' arts scene, with Temple Bar hosting artists in the s, and spaces such as the Project Arts Centre acting as a hub for collectives and new exhibitions.

The Guardian noted that Dublin's independent and underground arts flourished during the economic recession of c. Dublin was shortlisted to be World Design Capital The best known area for nightlife is Temple Bar , south of the River Liffey.

The area has become popular among tourists, including stag and hen parties from Britain. Dublin has several mid-range venues that host live music throughout the week, including Whelans and Vicar Street.

Dublin city centre is a popular shopping destination for both locals and tourists. The city has numerous shopping districts, particularly around Grafton Street and Henry Street.

The city centre is also the location of large department stores, including Arnotts , Brown Thomas and prior to its closure Clerys.

While the city has seen the loss of some traditional market sites, Moore Street remains one of the city's oldest trading districts. Dublin is the centre of both media and communications in Ireland, with many newspapers, radio stations, television stations and telephone companies based there.

The headquarters of An Post and telecommunications companies such as Eir , as well as mobile operators Vodafone and 3 are all located there.

Dublin is also the headquarters of national newspapers such as The Irish Times and Irish Independent , as well as local newspapers such as The Evening Herald.

Commercial radio stations based in the city include 4fm There are also numerous community and special interest stations, including Dublin City FM Croke Park is the largest sport stadium in Ireland.

The headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association , it has a capacity of 82, Muhammad Ali fought there in and it played host to the opening and closing ceremonies of the Special Olympics.

It also has conference and banqueting facilities. There is a GAA Museum there and tours of the stadium are offered, including a rooftop walk of the stadium.

During the redevelopment of Lansdowne Road , Croke Park played host to the Irish Rugby Union Team and Republic of Ireland national football team as well as hosting the Heineken Cup rugby —09 semi-final between Munster and Leinster which set a world record attendance for a club rugby match.

Stadium Lansdowne Road was laid out in This was the venue for home games of both the Irish Rugby Union Team and the Republic of Ireland national football team.

County Dublin is home for 13 of the senior rugby union clubs in Ireland including 5 of the 10 sides in the top division 1A.

Bohemian F. C play at Dalymount Park , the oldest football stadium in the country, and home ground for the Ireland football team from to College Park has Test status and played host to Ireland's first Test cricket match, a women's match against Pakistan in The Dublin Marathon has been run since at the end of October.

The Women's Mini Marathon has been run since on the first Monday in June, which is also a bank holiday in Ireland.

Thorkel, tuttavia, scelse Armagh come centro del suo potere. Nel X secolo avvenne la fusione fra Ath Cliath e Dubh Linn , insediamenti l'uno celtico , l'altro vichingo.

L'avamposto fu infatti usato dai pirati vichinghi come base per le loro scorrerie sulle coste irlandesi e nei porti. Nel XIV secolo, per frenare l'influenza dei nativi irlandesi, la zona fu fortificata e isolata, divenendo quella che per secoli fu chiamata The Pale.

Fino al XVII secolo il plotone fu sistematicamente scortato, tale era il terrore per la "montagna nemica".

La Dublino medievale aveva tra i 5 e Nel XVI secolo emerse la figura di Fitzgerald conte di Kildare e dei suoi discendenti, figure politiche di spicco volute dai dominatori britannici a difesa di Dublino per mantenere intatte le proprie colonie dal rischio di invasione delle popolazioni irlandesi vicine.

Dublino e i suoi abitanti subirono una profonda trasformazione nei secoli XVI e XVII , durante la prima conquista totale dell' isola d'Irlanda da parte inglese, ad opera dei Tudor.

Successe di tutto: esecuzioni di dublinesi riottosi, angherie dei soldati inglesi durante la guerra irlandese dei nove anni , che si stanziarono nelle abitazioni della popolazione civile, con feriti sparsi per le strade per la mancanza di un adeguato ospedale, l'esplosione di un magazzino inglese di polvere da sparo con conseguenti morti.

Fu in epoca georgiana , all'inizio del XVIII secolo , e in concomitanza dell'imposizione della lingua inglese in Irlanda e delle leggi penali britanniche, che Dublino fu completamente ristrutturata, godendo del massimo splendore, con la costruzione di quartieri tipici dell'epoca e di palazzi dal gusto raffinato.

Soltanto l'area di Temple Bar e di Grattan Square non furono stravolte. Nel Dublino, con Il primo avvenne nel , quando Guidati dal sindacalista James Larkin , la manifestazione divenne agitatissima e si concluse con tre morti e migliaia di feriti caricati dalla polizia.

Talvolta viene visitato soltanto per il week-end da gente proveniente addirittura dalla Gran Bretagna.

Anche i maggiori quotidiani e le maggiori stazioni radio hanno sede nella capitale d'Irlanda, ad esempio The Irish Times , l' Irish Independent il maggior quotidiano irlandese e Today FM.

Questa suddivisione si riflette anche nei codici postali: al nord i dispari ad esempio D7 per Phibsborough , e al sud i pari ad esempio D4 per Ballsbridge.

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Doublin Video

Doublin, Ireland

1 Comments

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